The International Master in Fragrance Formulations (IMFF) focuses on the theoretical concepts and practical aspects of fragrance formulations for industrial and scientific applications.

IMFF represents a unique opportunity in the fragrance training panorama. Most of the lecturers are affiliated to the University of Florence: the city of Florence has a long history of perfumery and fragrance manufacturing, from the Renaissance up to the present times.

The Master is well suited for graduate students interested in fragrance formulations, particularly those who seek a high-level, specific knowledge in this field for a potential future employment. The program is also designed for all the stakeholders (employees, operators, managers, R&D) involved in cosmetics, textile, cleaning products and food industry, in which fragrances play a key role in the formulation of commercial products.

From May 20, 2024 to July 31, 2024 and from September 1, 2024  to November 15, 2024.

Once the maximum number of participants is reached (60) all other requests will not be considered. In case of withdrawal or unsuccessful application procedure the first excluded applicants will be enrolled.

Participants will receive an attendance certificate upon the successful completion of 7 mid-term exams and the final examination. Further details can be found in the “Exam and Certificate” tab.

All lectures will be held online, via Google Meet.

Laboratory sessions and olfactory training will be entirely online: the participants will receive a training kit via express courier in order to perform the smelling and the formulation sessions from remote.

All lectures, laboratory and training sessions will be recorded and uploaded on a dedicated and shared Google Drive folder for the students. The recordings will be available for the download and the online view until the Master end date. Lecture notes, articles, extracts and presentations will be uploaded and filed on the Google Drive folder as well.

Seven midterm exams will be scheduled at the end of the following courses: Organic Chemistry, Physical Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry, Olfactive Families, Toxicology, Neurophysiology of Olfaction, Fragrances and Flavours. 

The final examination (October – November 2024) will focus on the creation and discussion of a fragrance formulation.

The midterm exams and the final examination will be held online (remote asynchronous examinations, no physical presence will be required). 

Upon successful completion of the midterm and final examinations the student will receive an official certificate of attendance.


Prof. Pierandrea Lo Nostro

Department of Chemistry “Ugo Schiff”
University of Florence
Via della Lastruccia, 3 – Sesto Fiorentino (FI), 50019, Italy
email: pierandrea.lonostro (at)
phone: +39 055 4573010


Dr. Duccio Tatini

Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry & Pharmacy
University of Siena, Italy
email: duccio.tatini (at)